Rhodiola Rosea for Memory, Mood and Focus




Rhodiola does sound like a pasta shape. But, it is not.

Rhodiola rosea, or Rhodiola for short, is actually a very popular herbs used in Europe and Russia. If you have not heard of rhodiola, maybe you’ve heard of its other common names – Arctic root or golden root. People in Russia have been using rhodiola for years to treat fatigue, poor attention span and poor memory.

Rhodiola is an adaptogenic herb just like ginseng. As an adaptogen, it helps the body resists stress, both physically and emotionally, while maintaining normal biological functions. You know how we are more susceptible to illness when we didn’t get enough rest, and working long hours. Rhodiola or ginseng will keep our body healthy longer until stressful conditions. This means the body can resist infection or fight off a cold or infection easier.

Rhodiola rosea may be effective for improving mood and alleviating depression. Its anti-depressive effect may be through its interaction with endorphin, the feel-good hormone, in the brain to reduce signs and symptoms of depressive.

Besides its beneficial effects on emotional health, rhodiola is also a great enhancer for mental performance. It has been shown to improve concentration, focus and memory, and reducing symptoms of fatigue. Pilot studies on human subjects show that it improves physical performance, and reduce symptoms of fatigue, stress and damaging effects of oxygen deprivation.

HOW DOES IT WORK?

Rasavins and salidrosides are the two main categories of compounds in rhodiola rosea that are responsible for the antidepressant and anxiolytic effects. It is believed they stimulate the production of the neurotransmitters, such as serotonin and dopamine.

Serotonin is the neurotransmitter that makes you feel good and happy. And dopamine is the one usually depleted in the prefrontal cortex of children with ADHD.

Rosavins and salidrosides also stimulate the production of epinephrine and norepinephrine, hormones that promote happiness and sense of well-being.

The adaptogenic effects come from the influence of rosavins and salidrosides in regulating the production of the stress hormone, cortisol. These compounds also have a positive effect on the central nervous system and cardiovascular system, promoting resistance to injury, stress, and fatigue. Rosavin and salidrosides suppress the stress hormone without supporting the immune system.

HOW IS RHODIOLA TAKEN?

Rhodiola is usually taken in capsule form. Suggested dose for children is 50mg, and 100-200mg for adults a day. Be sure to let your physician know you are planning to taking rhodiola as it may interaction with some of your prescription medication as it does influence the monoamine oxidase. This is especially true if you take any MAO inhibitors.

Always start off on a small amount and slowly increase to a dose that is controlling your symptoms and comfortable with you, even if it means you are not at the recommended dosage.

Be aware that this herb may make you moody or agitated, and may cause insomnia. Again, start slow and observe. Some individuals suggest taking the herb in the morning to avoid sleepless nights.

When purchasing Rhodiola you are looking for the 2 active ingredients – Rosavin (3%) and Salidroside (1%) ratio. Most formula come in 3% rosavin and 1% salidroside.

Just like ginseng, rhodiola should not be taken for prolonged period of time as it may lose its effect with prolonged use. Take a break every 1-2 months.





Meditation Increases Focus & Concentration in Children




You may look at meditation as a form of “mental exercise” that alters the level of consciousness of your by mind bringing your mind inward into your inner self.

Whatever that means…basically, it means shutting down the outside and stay inside, if you understand what I mean.

To me, being in a meditative state is like being in my own “Anna’s in the Wonderland”. You’ll kind of in between being awake and asleep.

It’s abstract…you have to try it to understand.

The practice of meditation has been around for over two thousand years, originating in countries in Southeast Asia. It has always been associated with religious rituals.

It is, in some ways, like prayers or religious chants, except that it has no religious boundaries. Anyone can practice this mental art form regardless of faith or belief.

The goal is to redirect one’s attention toward one’s inner self. It is a very spiritual and personal experience. It is a very unusual and mind-changing experience. Its experience is almost like a paradox – you’re supposed to not focus on anything, but the experience itself increases your awareness of your universe, which all of us are connected to. If you have not meditate before, I highly recommend that you try it.

I remember one time I was meditating after a group yoga lesson. It was only 10 minutes meditation at the end. My father has just passed away a few months early. All of the sudden I felt a very strong feeling that I missed my father, and felt this overwhelming sadness. Tears started pouring from my eyes and I just could not stop crying. It was a very strange feeling. It seemed like the meditating somehow allow my mind to finally relax and let the bottled emotions escaped.

It has many physiological benefits, and increasing focus and concentration is one of them. Thousands of researches and studies have shown the benefit of meditation and its effects on metabolism, blood pressure, brain activation, and other bodily processes. Scientists are interested in exploring its mechanism and benefits. However, after years of scientific studies we still have no knowledge of the exact mechanism of how the practice condones all these physiological benefits.

The most fascinating thing is that meditation can alter brain waves and brain activities. Now that we know our brain is capable of remodeling or rewiring itself throughout life.

It is a very calming and refreshing experience. Many description of meditation involves some kind of mental engagement that requires a lot of focus and concentration. And focus and concentration is what many children with ADHD are lacking. However, it does not mean meditation is impossible.

Start by looking at it as “quiet time”. Even if your child can’t sit with their eyes close for 5 minutes. Have them start by being quiet for 5 minutes, not making any noise or big movements. They can play with their stuffed animals, draw, or whatever they want. You can also play some soothing music in the background.

You can also do the “quiet time” right before bed. Snuggle with your child, read a story and kiss him or her good night. Then turn off the lights. Some children have difficulty falling asleep. Be firm and tell your child he or she has to stay in the dark room and not make noise. OK night light is allowed. Most children will eventually fall asleep.

 

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If your child has difficulty with falling asleep at night, you might want to look into Epsom salt bath and/or melatonin at bedtime. Both of these can help children with ADHD to wind down and be ready for bed.

The Epsom salt bath can help calm the body, and the sulfate in Epsom salt helps to improve the body’s detoxification system. Melatonin is a natural sleeping aid. It is suspected that children with ADHD have a natural tendency to not produce enough melatonin at night, when they need it most to fall asleep.

When we first started trying meditation, my daughter did not like it. Just the thought of sitting down and doing nothing for 5 minutes sounds like torture to her. She was 10 years old, so it is still quite easy to persuade her to do it. She would set her own timer on her watch, which gives her some feeling of control. We try to do it everyday, but of course it’s hit or miss.

After meditating several times, my daughter did acknowledge some benefits, such as feeling calmness, refreshed, and increased alertness which helps to clear her mind for mentally-demanding tasks. Now she does not fight me as much if I ask her to meditate before she tackles her homework. Yet, 5 minutes is still what she is up for.

For starter, aim for five minutes or less, something that you know your child can easily handle. Be sure to make it fun, otherwise, they are not going to do it again. I used to snuggle with my daughter in her bed at bedtime, then I would let her put one of her favorite stuffed animal on her belly while she is lying on her back.

I would ask her to take deep breaths until she sees her stuffed animal rises and falls on her belly. This helps to teach her the breathing part of the practice. The trick is taking long deep breaths that fill up the belly. Slowly you can add the counting from 1-10 to make the breaths longer.




Calm and Relax…Chamomile Tea




We are all familiar with chamomile as a bedtime tea to relax you so you can fall asleep faster. This same property of camomile as a sleeping aid is also beneficial in children and/or adult with ADHD. It not only helps with the sleep problem frequently seen in children with ADHD, but the anxiety as well.

As it turns out camomile has been used thousands of years by many different cultures as medicine. Its use can be dated back to the ancient Egyptians, Romans, and Greeks. It has been used, both orally and topically, to treat many conditions, such as anxiety, insomnia, colds, sore throats, abscesses, gum inflammation (gingivitis), psoriasis, acne, eczema, minor burns, stomach ulcers, diaper rash, colic, and chickenpox. However, chamomile today is more well-known for its calming effects.

There are two common types of camomile – German chamomile and Roman (or English) camomile. German camomile is the more commonly used type. Although they belong to different species, they are used to treat the same health problems. They are both used to calm the nerves, soothe gastrointestinal problems, relieve muscle spasms, and soothe skin irritation and mild skin infections.

There are not many studies on camomile whether it works to treat these conditions. Therefore, many of the uses and benefits of camomile were passed down by generations of uses. Animal studies have shown that German camomile reduces inflammation, speeds wound healing, reduces muscle spasms, and serves as a mild sedative to help with sleep.

Camomile contains a flavonoid called chrysin, the same active substance found in passion flower that provides its calming effects. Chrysin has been shown to reduce anxiety and is believed to be a good sleeping aid. There is some evidence that suggests camomile is an effective treatment for anxiety. Chamomile capsules have been shown to reduce symptoms of anxiety in people with mild to moderate generalized anxiety disorder (GAD).

HOW TO USE CHAMOMILE

Camomile is a very versatile herbs, that you can use in any form, not just for drinking. The while and yellow flower may be dried and made into teas or capsules or extracts or even topical ointment.

* Tea: Pour 1 cup of boiling water over 2 – 3 heaping Tbs. (2 – 4 g) of dried herb, steep 10 – 15 minutes. Drink 3 – 4 times a day between meals.

* Tincture (1:5, 45% alcohol): 30 – 60 drops of tincture 3 times per day in hot water.

* Capsules: 300 – 400 mg taken 3 times per day.

Children under 5 should not take more than half a cup of tea per day. When using camomile in young children under 18, I suggest using half of the adult dose. To relieve colic: 1 – 2 oz. of tea per day. Your doctor may recommend other preparations.

As some of you maybe thinking – sounds good but my child would not drink the tea. My experience is make lemonade. Kids love lemonade. Make it with honey and fresh squeezed lemon. Have your child help with the lemon squeezing. They’ll love it.

Capsules are good options too. However, I prefer the more natural approach with camomile as it is readily available as a beverage. We need to teach our children the joy of wholesome food and beverage. Not everything should come in a processed form.

CAUTION

German camomile is considered generally safe. However, camomile may make asthma worse, so people with asthma should not take it. If you are allergic to asters, daisies, chrysanthemums, or ragweed, you may also be allergic to camomile.

Pregnant women should avoid chamomile because of the risk of miscarriage. Camomile may have estrogen-like effects in the body, so women with a history of hormone-sensitive cancers, such as breast or uterine cancer, should ask their doctors before taking chamomile.

Too much camomile may cause vomiting. Avoid driving or operating heavy machinery after taking or drinking chamomile as it may also cause drowsiness.

Stop taking camomile at least 2 weeks before any surgical or dental procedures due to increased risk of bleeding.

OTHER USES

* Add 1/4 lb of dried flowers or add 5 – 10 drops of essential oil to a tub of water for a soothing bath for hemorrhoids, cuts, eczema, or insect bites.

* Add a few drops of essential oil of camomile to hot water (or use tea) and breathe in the steam as breathing treatment to calm a cough. * Gargle with cooled camomile tea as often as desire to sooth sore throat. You may also add 10 – 15 drops of German camomile liquid extract in about 3 ounces of warm water.




Stay Calm and Relax with Passion Flower




 

Passion flower was used traditionally in the Americas and later in Europe as a calming herb for anxiety, insomnia, seizures, and hysteria. It is still used today to treat anxiety and insomnia.

It is a woody vine with flowers which reminded early pilgrims of the passion or suffering of Christ. The plant produces small fruit called granadilla or water lemon. The aerial parts of the plant are gathered during fruiting season and then dried for future processing.

HOW DOES IT WORK?

It is not known exactly how passionflower works, but it has been suggested that, chrysin, one of the flavonoids in passion flower, calms the nerves and reduce anxiety (one of the co-morbidity of ADHD) by increasing levels of gamma aminobutyric acid (GABA) in the brain.

GABA calms your nerves and makes you feel relaxed by suppressing the activities in parts of the brain. It is the main inhibiting neurotransmitter in the central nervous system and controls the excitability throughout the nervous system.

GABA is made the brain, but it does not cross the blood-brain barrier. It is made from glutamate in the metabolic pathway called the GABA shunt. The enzyme involved in this conversion is L-glutamic acid decarboxylase, and pyridoxal phosphate, the active form of vitamin B6 is the cofactor. The GABA shunt converts glutamate, the principal “excitatory” neurotransmitter, into the principal “inhibitory” neurotransmitter (GABA).

DOSAGE

Long-term use of passion flower may potentially cause fatigue and mental fogginess due to depression of central nervous system. Start with a low dose several times a day and increase as you learn how you respond to passionflower.

The following are general guidelines for use by adults. I strongly encourage you to speak to your primary care provider for more specific recommendations:

* Tea: Steep 0.5 – 2 g (about 1 tsp.) of dried herb in 1 cup boiling water for 10 minutes; strain and cool.

For anxiety, drink 3 – 4 cups per day.

For insomnia, drink one cup an hour before going to bed.

* Extracts (1:1 in 25% alcohol): 10 – 20 drops, 2-3 times a day

* Tincture (1:5 in 45% alcohol): 10 – 45 drops, 2-3 times a day

No studies have examined the effects of passionflower in children, so do not give passionflower to a child without a doctor’s supervision. Adjust the recommended adult dose to account for the child’s weight.

CAUTION

Passionflower is generally considered to be safe when used in moderation. However, it should not be used by pregnant women or children under the age of two due to lack of studies/research in these population. Do not take passion flower if you are already taking prescription medication for anxiety or depression, as excessive sleepiness has been reported. Please consult your primary care physician before using passionflower.

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Carnosine and ADHD




Carnosine is a dipeptide molecule composed of the amino acids, histidine and alanine. It is found in high concentrations in the skeletal muscle, heart muscle, skin, stomach, nerve tissue and brain. It is produced by the body naturally by the enzyme carnosine-synthetase.

How does it work?

As an antioxidant, it protects neurons (nerve cells) from free radical damages, especially ideal for autism, ADHD, seizures and Alzheimer’s disease. It also acts as neurotransmitter, chemical messenger in the nervous system.

Carnosine may be used to mitigate excessive activities and/or stimulation of the N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) receptors caused by excitotoxins such as aspartate in artificial sweeteners, and glutamate in monosodium glutamate (MSG) and its derivatives.

It is also a good chelating agent of heavy metals, which potentially cause toxicity resulting in behaviors seen in children with ADHD and/or autism. It is able to chelate copper, zinc and other heavy metals by binding to them, then removing them from the body.

Carnosine is well-known for its anti-aging property and is considered to be a longevity nutrient. It protects body cells against free radical damage as an antioxidant, inhibits glycation and reverses the damages.

Glycation or non-enzymatic glycosylation is the reaction between glucose molecules and protein or fat molecules, resulting in advanced glycating end-products (AGEs). Oxidative stresses, frequently seen in children with special needs, accelerate the production of AGEs.

AGEs interfere with molecular and cellular functions throughout the body, facilitating the aging process, resulting in an array of chronic diseases and conditions, such as cardiovascular disease, Alzheimer’s disease, cancers, peripheral neuropathy, cataract formation and hearing loss.

Carnosine helps protect body cells from radiation damages, such as during cancer treatment and accidental radiation exposures by reversing the oxidative damages.

Athletes have long used carnosine to improve their performance. It enables heart muscles to contract more efficiently through enhanced calcium receptors in heart tissues

Dosage

100-200mg before breakfast and at lunch for children with ADHD.

Caution

Excessive intake may result in irritability, hyperactivity and insomnia.

As always consult a registered dietitian and/or physician who are familiar with dietary or nutritional supplements and working with children with developmental disorders. Avoid implementing trials of any supplements on your own, especially when your child has other medical conditions and/or taking prescription medication. Even though many supplements are natural in a sense, but when taken in high doses, it has therapeutic effects as medication. Thus, supplements may sometimes interact with medications and some require close monitoring of a pair of experienced eyes.




How Magnesium Calms the ADHD Brain




Magnesium (chemical symbol Mg) is involved in over 300 enzymatic reactions in the human body. It is essential in the proper functioning of the muscular and nervous system.

Mg is well-known for relaxing the mind through its role in neurotransmitter synthesis, such as serotonin. Serotonin plays significant role is calming the mind and provoking a sense of well-being. Low level of serotonin is associated with depression, mood swings and irritability.

Some signs and symptoms of Mg deficiency includes sensitivity to loud noises, insomnia, anxiety, hyperactivity, restlessness, panic attacks, salt craving, and both carbohydrate craving and carbohydrate intolerance.

HOW DOES IT WORK?

Magnesium is needed to activate the enzyme, delta-6-desaturase, that converts dietary alpha-linolenic acids (ALA) into docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), the main components of brain cell membranes. It is suggested that children, especially boys, has a deficiency in delta-6-desaturase, which leads to DHA deficiency frequently seen in children with ADHD. Supplementing with Mg may help faciliate conversion from ALA to DHA by increasing activity of delta-6-desaturase.

Magnesium calms the nerves by interfering with the release of acetylcholine (an excitatory neurotransmitter)at the neuromuscular synaptic junctions.

Mg also interferes with the release of catecholamines from the adrenal medulla, thus, calming the nervous system. Psychological reactions and/or environmental stressors, such as excessive noises, intense light, etc may increase blood catecholamine levels. Catecholamines, such as norepinephrine and adrenaline, are neurotransmitters responsible for the fight-or-flight response, by increasing heart rate, blood pressure, and blood glucose levels, getting the body into an excited state.

Magnesium is needed for the production of myelin sheaths that insulate the nerve cells in the nervous system. The myelin sheaths act in a similar manner as the plastic casing on electrical wires. This protective layer prevents nerve impulses from misfiring, which can result in seizures.

Mg activates glutamine synthetase, which is responsible for the combination of glutamate with ammonia to yield glutamine. Glutamine synthetase is present predominantly in the brain, kidneys, and liver.

In the brain, glutamine synthetase participates in the metabolic regulation of glutamate, the removal of brain ammonia, uptake and release of neurotransmitters. In the brain where glutamate is used as a neurotransmitter, glutamine synthetase is not subject to the same regulatory system as in kidneys and liver. Brain glutamine synthetase is found mainly in astrocytes, which plays important roles in regulating neurotransmitters and synaptic transimissions, and ion concentration in nerve cells, and maintaining maintaining the blood-brain-barrier.

Mg deficiency is associated with the impulsiveness and hyperactivity in ADHD more so than the inattentiveness. Lack of Mg is related to muscle spasms and over-excitability. However, the combination of vitamin B6 and Mg complement each other to tackle both the hyperactivity and inattentiveness of ADHD.

Mg and vitamin B6 has a co-dependent relationship. While treatment with Mg is most effective when combined with vitamin B6, which boosts absorption of magnesium into the cells, Mg is required for the proper functioning of alkaline phosphatase, which facilitates the absorption of vitamin B6 into body tissues.

Vitamin B6 is required in both the synthesis of serotonin from tryptophan and activation of kynurenase that breaks down by-product of tryptophan metabolism. Both vitamin B6 and magnesium are essential for the enzyme kynurenase to breaks down kynurenine, a waste product of tryptophan in the kynurenine pathway. Deficiency in vitamin B6 may result in a suboptimal functioning of kynurinase, resulting in high levels of kynurenine, which are associated with disturbed balance of brain chemicals, such as serotonin, gama-aminobutyric acid (GABA). An imbalance of brain chemicals or neurotransmitters, especially gama-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and dopamine, is associated with behaviors seen in ADHD and other cor-morbid conditions.

FOOD SOURCES

Mg is plentiful in green vegetables, cereal, grain, nuts, legumes, and chocolate. Food processing and cooking may deplete magnesium content. Typical western diet composed of mainly processed foods, which obviously is not able to supply the needed Mg. Furthermore, the metabolic stress from the foods further put the body’s detoxification system in overdrive trying to rid the body of the harmful substances in processed foods.

A diet high in fat, phosphate and calcium may reduce Mg absorption.

SUPPLEMENTATION

Oral Mg supplements are available in various salt preparations. Multivitamins and minerals generally contain Mg oxide, which is less bulky and inexpensive to manufacture. However, it is not soluble in water, which means it is poorly absorbed by the body. Mg hydroxide in milk of magnesia is another example of insoluble Mg salt.

Magnesium aspartate, chloride, lactate, citrate and glycinate are more soluble, thus, easily absorbed in the intestines. Magnesium taurinate, glycinate or elemental Mg is the preferred form that is less likely to cause diarrhea.

SUGGESTED DAILY DOSING

The typical dose for children is 200 mg of Mg and 10 to 20 mg of vitamin B6.

Age 3 years and under: 40-80mg

Age 4-6 years: 120mg

Age 7-10 years: 170mg

Adolescent and adult male: 270-400mg

Adolescent and adult female 280-300mg




Vitamin B12 and ADHD Brain




Vitamin B12 (B12) is a water-soluble vitamin with key role in facilitating normal functioning of the brain, nervous system, and formation of blood cells. It is involves in DNA synthesis and regulation, and also fatty acid synthesis and energy production.

There are several forms of vitamin B12 – cyanocobalamin is the synthetic form, and methylcobalamin and adenosylcobalamin are the physiological or active form. Cyanocobalamin does not occur in nature. It is commonly found in supplements due to its stability and cheaper cost of manufacturing. Theoretically, cyanocobalamine is readily converted to the active forms, methylcobalamine and/or adenosylcobalamin in the body.

VITAMIN B12 AND ADHD

B12 helps with ADHD symptoms through it’s involvement in many of the brain functions, especially in the production and maintenance of the myelin sheath (the protective coating on nerve cells), essential fatty acid metabolism and energy production.

B12 is involved in the synthesis and integrity of the myelin sheath that covers all nerve cells. Think of the plastic casing on electrical wires. These myelin sheath serve the same purpose. Vitamin B12 is the cofactor for the enzymes, L-methylmalonyl-CoA mutase and methionine synthase.

L-methylmalonyl-CoA mutase needs adenosylcobalamin to convert L-methylmalonyl-CoA (MMA) to succinyl-CoA. If this reaction is not working well, too much MMA will result. Too much MMA will make the myelin sheath unstable or not effective in doing its job. The extra MMA may also be added in place of fatty acids, such as omega-3 fatty acid, into myelin sheath. This will result in fragile myelin sheath that is not able to support normal brain functions. The precise mechanism(s) are not fully understood at this time.

B12 also affects in the myelin formation process in another way. Methylcobalamin is a cofactor of methionine synthase, which catalyzes the conversion of homocysteine to methionine. Our body can also obtain methionine through diet. Our body needs methionine to make S-adenosyl-methionine (SAMe), which is needed for methylation of myelin sheath phospholipids. Methylation is the transfer of the “methyl” group. Methycobalamin provides the methyl group for the transfer. That is how methylcobalamin is involved here. Although our body does not need B12 to make SAMe, methionine synthase helps to provide additional methionine to boost SAMe production. SAMe is also involved in the production of certain neurotransmitters and catecholamines, which help with mood.

BODY STORES

Vitamin B12 deficiency is rare because the liver can store several years’ worth of B12. However, deficiency does happen. Certain medical conditions and/or medication may interfere with absorption or increased it’s metabolism in the body. The total amount of B12 stored in body is bout 2–5 mg in adults. Around 50% of this is stored in the liver.

SYMPTOMS OF VITAMIN B12 DEFICIENCY

Deficiency is usually the result of poor intestinal absorption due to GI surgeries and/or GI disorders, or inadequate dietary intake, such as vegetarian or vegan diet, which restrict animal products. Occasionally, certain medication may increase its metabolism in the body.

Signs and symptoms include weakness or fatigue, light-headedness, rapid heartbeat and breathing, pale skin, sore tongue, easy bruising or bleeding such as bleeding gums, stomachache, weight loss, and diarrhea or constipation.

B12 deficiency may result in megaloblastic anemia, which is due to an defective red blood cell production. The resultant red blood cells are larger than normal, which make is difficult to transport nutrients due to size constraint.

Other signs and symptoms are tingling or numbness in fingers and toes, difficulty walking, mood changes or depression, memory loss, disorientation, and dementia, which are results of nerves damages from vitamin B12 deficiency.

FOOD SOURCES

Neither plants nor animals can produce B12. Only bacteria have the enzymes required for its synthesis. Animals are good sources of B12 is because of the bacteria living in the intestines, which makes the vitamin.

Vitamin B12 is found in any foods that come from animals, such as fish and shellfish, meat (especially liver, where the vitamin is stored), poultry, eggs, dairy products. The body absorbs B12 from animal sources better. Plant foods are not considered to be reliable sources of B12.

Vegans, people who do not eat any animal products including eggs and dairy, are more likely to develop B12 deficiency because of their restrictive diets. Ovo-lacto-vegetarians usually consume enough B12 through eggs and dairy products. Vegans obtain their B12 from dietary supplements and/or fortified foods, such as fortified breakfast cereals, fortified soy products, fortified energy bars, and Brewer’s yeast.

SUPPLEMENTATION

Cyanocobalamin is the most common form of B12 found in supplements. It contains about 2% of cyanide or 20 micrograms cyanide in a 1 mg cyanocobalamin tab. This amount may seem minute. However, children with ADHD, as you have read so far, have an inefficient detoxification system. Even minute amount of cyanide may accumulate over time, causing neural damages.

One of the functions of B12 is methyl donation. Supplementation with cyanocobalamin would not serve this purpose. In fact it would need donation of methyl group in the body to be converted to the active form.

Sublingual and spray methylcobalamin are supposedly much easier to absorb because these routes bypass the intestines, which can be an issue for people with GI problems. Besides methylcobalamin is the active form, which means the body can put it to use right away without any further conversion. Besides, children with ADHD just seem to have very different metabolic requirements.

Methylcobalamin supplements are usually more expensive and available mainly in health food stores. Despite the cost and probably a little extra drive for some, it is still a better choice not only because it is the active, but it is also a “cleaner” form. The methylcobalamin supplement you find in health food stores usually are free of additives, preservatives, artificial colorings, artificial sweeteners, etc. So you are definitely paying for quality for your money.

DOSING

General recommendation of B12 is between 0.4 to 2.4 mcg (micro-grams) daily depending on age. Generally, for the purpose of treating ADHD, you may start with 1,000 mcg. Toxicity is rare since Vitamin B12 is water-soluble, which means our body can easily get rid of the extra.

Couple years ago, I developed tingling sensation on my hands and feet after some medication adjustment. After doing some research, I discovered that the tingling is related to B vitamins deficiency. I started with B-complex, then later added B12. The tingling disappeared, but I was not falling asleep at night. Then I realized it’s the high dose of B12 I was taking at night. That’s what keeping me up at night. And that’s also when I realized the power of B12 vitamin. It does give you an energy boost, but without the hyper feeling of caffeine.

Now I take a 2,500mcg B12 vitamin tablet in the morning. While I started taking the B12 vitamin, I also noticed that I am less irritable and anxious.

My daughter takes a 1,000mcg tablet daily before school to help her focus. She also takes 1.5mg melatonin at night to help with her sleep. Interestingly, after taking the melatonin, she told me that her brain feels clearer and she can organize her thoughts better.

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