Stay Calm and Chill with Zinc




Zinc (chemical symbol Zn) is an important nutrient in the human body because of its role in many different cellular functions. It binds with a wide variety of molecular compound to form complexes, and participates in the metabolism of RNA and DNA, signal transduction, and gene expression. It also regulates cellular self-destruction. It is estimated that about 10% of human proteins are bound to zinc.

It helps with wound healing. It is also a very effective antimicrobial agent even at low concentrations. Zn supplementation has been shown to improve symptoms of gastroenteritis by direct antimicrobial action on the gastrointestinal tract.

The human body has about 2-4 grams of Zn distributed in the brain, muscles, bones, kidneys, liver with majority of it in the prostate and eyes.

SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF Zn DEFICIENCY

Zinc deficiency may result in poor or loss of appetite, diarrhea, impaired immune function, poor or retardation of growth, delayed sexual maturation, eye or skin lesions, delayed wound healing, taste abnormalities, and mental lethargy. These signs and symptoms are not specific and maybe associated with other health conditions. Therefore, it is important to seek medical advice if your child is showing any of the above signs and symptoms.

Copper and Zn compete to be absorbed in the gut. Poor gut function or in the case of leaky gut, more copper is being absorbed, thus, limiting Zn absorption. This resulting Zn deficiency may limit the body’s ability to eliminate toxic metals, as Zn is a part of the metallothionenin detoxifies toxic metals in the body.

HOW DOES Zn WORK AS PART OF ADHD TREATMENT?

In a recent study, children treated with a daily dose of 40mg of Zn as Zn sulfate for 12 weeks showed significant improvement in scores on hyperactivity, impulsiveness, and impaired socialization scales than the children given placebo, while free fatty acids level increased as well.

In the brain, Zn is stored in the synaptic vesicles of the glutamatergic neurons, modulating brain excitability and synaptic plasticity, which means it helps with learning. However, Zn can also act as a neurotoxin. This conflicting role of Zn in the brain suggests zinc homeostasis is important in the function of the brain and central nervous system.

WHEN TO SUPPLEMENT?

It is difficult to assess Zn level in the body as most blood tests are inaccurate. However, if your child has frequent or chronic diarrhea, chances are he and she is losing Zn from the diarrhea. You might try a Zn supplement of up to 20mg per day. I have used Zn lozenges for my daughter, who is super picky and sensitive with taste and texture. The zinc lozenges provide about 20mg of Zn per tablet. This is a great start.

Besides replacing Zn loss during diarrhea, Zn also helps with improving appetite by stimulating the taste buds. This is quite interesting when I started giving my daughter the Zn lozenges. She loves it initially. It is lemon-flavored. But after couple of weeks, she started complaining of a metal flavor of the lozenges. So when the Zn level has improved, it shows by having a metallic flavor. So now we stopped giving her the Zn lozenges, and she appetite is still great.




Why Artificial Food Coloring Matters?




What do Allure Red, Carmoisine, Sunset Yellow and Tartrazine all have in common? Some fancy names huh.

YES! You guess it right. They‘re all names of food colorings. One more thing they are in common, which you might not know…

You commonly see them in food packages or beverages labels…but did you know these food coloring that our children are consuming everyday are banned in parts of Europe.

The University of Southampton reported a study commissioned by the British Food Standards Agency that linked consumption of food dyes and sodium benzoate to increase in hyperactive behaviors in children and possibly lower IQs.

The additives tested in the research were:

§ Sunset yellow (E110) (FD&C; Yellow #6)

§ Carmoisine (E122) – Red coloring in jellies

§ Tartrazine (E102) (FD&C; Yellow #5)

§ Ponceau 4R (E124) – Red coloring

§ Quinoline yellow (E104) – Yellow coloring

§ Allura red AC (E129) (FD&C; Red #40)

§ Sodium benzoate (E211) – Preservative

On April 10, 2008, the Food Standards Agency called for a voluntary removal of the six food colorings tested, but not sodium benzoate the preservative. The European Union (EU) began requiring products that contain artificial food dyes to have warning labels that state “consumption may have an adverse effect on activity and attention in children.”

Wow, the Europeans are serious. We have warning labels on cigarettes because tobacco causes cancer. But warning labels on candies? That’s serious.

Out of the six food colorings banned in Europe, four are still currently approved for use by the FDA in the United States. They are Sunset yellow (E110) (FD&C; Yellow #6), Carmoisine (E122) (FD&C; Red #3), Tartrazine (E102) (FD&C; Yellow #5) and Allura Red (E129) (FD&C; Red #40).

Check out the list of food additive ingredients approved for use by the FDA.

What is the United States doing?

Despite Europe’s tight stance on food dyes and the numerous clinical studies showing the increased risk to children who consume them, the FDA continues to support the idea that there is not enough evidence and has been reluctant to address the issue until now.

In a recent statement, FDA staff admitted: “For certain susceptible children with ADHD and other problem behaviors, the data suggest their condition may be exacerbated” by substances in food including artificial colors. According to the FDA, Americans were consuming five times more artificial food dyes in 2007 than in 1955.

What are US companies doing?

Whole Foods and Trader Joe’s have pledged not to sell products with synthetic food colors. And Starbucks doesn’t allow food dyes in its beverages or pastries. However, Starbucks still ended up in trouble with its vegan customers for one of its natural food colorings that originated from bug juice.

Other companies have reformulated their products to meet the regulations in Europe. Kraft and McDonald’s have stopped using artificial colorings abroad while they continue to sell foods with the undesirable ingredients in the U.S. market. How rotten business people are.

Kellogg’s strawberry Nutri-Grain Cereal Bars sold in the U.S. contain Red No. 40, Yellow No. 6 and Blue No. 1. But the “supposedly” same Nutri-Grain Cereal Bars in the U.K., contain natural colorings, such as beet root red, annatto and paprika extra.

What Can You Do?

Arm Yourself with Knowledge. Learn to read the ingredient labels on food and beverages containers. Don’t forget about medications too. Food dyes are frequently found in medications as well.

Here is a list of Natural Food Color to get know:

§ Caramel coloring (E150), caramelized sugar

§ Annatto (E160b), a reddish-orange dye from the seed of the achiote.

§ Chlorophyllin (E140), a green dye made from chlorella algae

§ Cochineal (E120), a red dye from the cochineal bug. This coloring recently got Starbucks in trouble with its vegan customers.

§ Betanin (E162) from beets

§ Turmeric (curcuminoids, E100)

§ Saffron (carotenoids, E160a)

§ Paprika (E160c)

§ Lycopene (E160d)

§ Elderberry juice

§ Pandan (Pandanus amaryllifolius), a green food dye

§ Butterfly pea (Clitoria ternatea), a blue food dye

Click here for suggestion on an natural alternative food colors for your next baking project.